Bitcoin transaction fees which are the average cost to send a BTC transaction surged by hundreds of percent weeks after halving. Block reward halving in which BTC reward was halved from 12.5 BTC to 6.25 BTC took place on May 12th. As at May 21st, Bitcoin transaction fees stood at a high of $6.64. At the start of the year, the Bitcoin transaction fee was just around $0.28.
For those paying keen attention to the Bitcoin blockchain, an increase in Bitcoin transaction fees usually happens when the blockchain is clogged due to heavy usage. This inference was supported by on-chain data from Blockchain.com, which showed that on May 20, a day before Bitcoin transaction fees hit a high of $6.64, the Mempool had 94MB of Bitcoin transactions queued up to be processed. The last time this was recorded was in January 2018 after Bitcoin peaked reaching its all-time highs.
Graph of average Bitcoin transaction cost from Blockchain.com for the last 180 days
Due to the capacity of Bitcoin’s blocks which could only process 1MB worth of transactions at once, in such a scenario where up to 94mb of transactions are on the queue, users are forced to pay higher transaction fees to allow their transactions included in the next block and avoid the risk of being ignored by Bitcoin’s Miners, who have the propensity for higher-paying fees.
The rise in Bitcoin transaction fees is viewed as a source of concern because the bulls are not totally in the dominance of the Bitcoin market.
An analyst weighs in to explain the drive behind BTC transaction fees at this time.
Bitcoin Transaction Fee Rise Explained
Sergej Kotliar, CEO of Bitrefill explained that Bitcoin transaction fees rise could be traced to the post halving effect. BTC halving which is seen as a massive catalyst for bullish action by Bitcoin investors isn’t however the same with Miners who had their rewards halved from 12.5 BTC to 6.25 BTC. As a result some were forced to turn off their ASIC Miners which led to the mining of fewer blocks. Hashrate consequently fell by up to 30% resulting in higher transaction fees.
Secondly, he believes there is an unknown entity with the custody of a set of Bitcoin addresses controlled by the same private key that has been consolidating coins at the highest fee rates spending up to 72 BTC or $650,000 equivalent, on consolidating more than 720,000 transactions into a predetermined set of wallets.
Third, Kotliar posited that the recent volatility in the Bitcoin market may have contributed to the rise in transaction fees
Miner Outflows Drive Bitcoin Selling Pressure
The previous week saw Miner sell-offs increase dramatically. Here, Miners were selling more BTC than they mined, with mining rewards halved from 12.5 BTC to 6.25 BTC following May 12 halving.